Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2004 , Vol 50 , Num 4

Spastisite Tedavisinde Fenol ve Alkol Blokları

Arzu Yağız On 1
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Peripheral nerve blocks, which have been known as an effective way of reducing localized spasticity are performed by injection of a chemical agent into the muscles or close to the nerve supplying the muscles where overactivity is most disabling.  Local anesthetics, phenol and alcohol are the agents used for the local treatment of spasticity, in addition to botulinum toxin. In practice, use of phenol and alcohol blocks requires considerable experience and skill. This article will focus on the clinical studies addressing phenol and alcohol blocks, mechanism of action, rationale for use, technique of administration and potential side effects.

Keywords : Spasticity, phenol blocks, alcohol blocks