Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 , Vol 67 , Num 2

Evaluation and management of neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury: Current practice among physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists in Turkey

Yeşim Akkoç 1 ,Murat Ersöz 2 ,Ece Çınar 1 ,Haydar Gök 3
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey
2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey
3 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tftrd.2021.5817 Objectives: This study aims to determine the current trends in evaluation and management of neurogenic bladder secondary to spinal cord injury (SCI) among Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) specialists in Turkey.

Materials and methods: Between September 2013 and November 2013, a total of 100 PMR specialists from 18 different provinces of Turkey were included in the study. A 23-item questionnaire was developed to evaluate the current practice on assessment and follow-up of upper and lower urinary tract dysfunction. The questionnaire was delivered via e-mail to the participants routinely providing care for patients with SCI and all responses were obtained electronically.

Results: For surveillance of the upper urinary tract dysfunction, 93% of the participants preferred ultrasonography. A total of 59% of the participants favored an annual assessment and 36% preferred six-month intervals. Multichannel urodynamics, voiding cystourethrography combined with urodynamics, and video-urodynamics were preferred by 62%, 25%, and 10% of the participants, respectively for surveillance of the lower urinary tract. Urodynamic evaluation was performed annually by 51% of the participants. In patients with detrusor overactivity unresponsive to the combination of intermittent catheterization (IC) and anticholinergic agents, 66% preferred to increase the dose and 22% preferred to switch to another medication. For treatment of areflexic bladder, 78% preferred IC and 12% preferred the Credé' or Valsalva maneuvers. Treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria was not favored in patients on IC and indwelling urethral catheter by 33% and 44% of the participants respectively. Totally, 84% participants preferred to administer antibiotics for 10 to 14 days for the treatment of symptomatic urinary tract infection.

Conclusion: Our study results indicate that there are some differences in the current practice of PMR specialists for surveillance and management of SCI patients with neurogenic bladder. These results also emphasize the need for development of guidelines and implementation of continuous medical education activities in this field. Keywords : Neurogenic bladder, spinal cord injury, urologic surveillance