Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 , Vol 67 , Num 1

Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment approaches to chronic lumbar back pain

Ayşegül Ketenci 1 ,Mert Zure 1
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey DOI : 10.5606/tftrd.2021.8216 Low back pain is a common and important cause of disability. Chronic pain increases disability and cost. In this review, we discuss pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment approaches for chronic low back pain in the light of current data and guidelines. Keywords : Chronic pain, drugs, exercise, low back pain, physical therapy, transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation