Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2012 , Vol 58 , Num 3

Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis: Primary and Secondary Causes

Banu KURAN 1 ,Jülide Öncü 2
1 Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Şişli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2 İstanbul Şişli Etfal Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Fizik Tedavi Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.4274/tftr.13471

The shoulder joint is attached to the axial skeleton. It is freely mobile as we can reach anywhere, while it is very stable as well. This joint has the widest range of motion in the body and it is resistant to compression and distraction forces owing to the compatibility between the glenoid and the humerus. Primary osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint is rare and occurs mostly due to secondary causes. In this review, glenohumeral joint functional anatomy and the diseases which cause glenohumeral joint osteoarthritis are described. 

Keywords : Glenohumeral; osteoarthritis