Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2005 , Vol 51 , Num 2

Evaluation of the Relation Between Tibiofemoral Joint Osteoarthritis and Possible Risk Factors in Wome

Taciser Kaya 1 ,Sevtap Avcı 2 ,Didem Özsüer 3 ,Alev Gürgan 3
1 İzmir Bozyaka Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Kliniği, İzmir, Türkiye
2 Atatürk Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Kliniği, İzmir
3 Atatürk Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Kliniği, İzmir

Objective: The relation between various possible etiologic factors and knee osteoarthritis in women was investigated in this study.


Materials and Methods: 79 patients with stage II-IV knee osteoarthritis according to the method of Kellgren-Lawrence and 77 age and sex matched control subjects were compared. History of smoking, knee injury, hormone replacement therapy, hypertension, type II diabetes mellitus and frequency of heavy lifting, kneeling/squatting, walking, climbing stairs and driving were ascertained at the interview. Height, weight, body mass index values were measured and hands were examined for Heberden’s nodes.


Results: Frequency of heavy lifting, kneeling/squatting, knee injury, Heberden’s node were higher in the patient group by logistic regression [Odd’s ratios and 95% confidence interval respectively; 4.78 (2.15-10.65), 2.63 (1.17-5.91), 5.38 (1.05-27.49), 2.25 (1.01-5.03)]. However there was no relation between hormone replacement therapy, smoking, walking, climbing stairs and knee osteoarthritis.


Conclusion: Conclusively, high body mass index, heavy lifting, kneeling/squatting, knee injury and Heberden’s nodes were found to be associated with a higher development rate of knee osteoarthritis. 

Keywords : Diz osteoartriti, risk faktörleri.