Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2006 , Vol 52 , Num 2
Aerobik Egzersizin Koroner Arter Hastalıgı Olan Hastaların El Kavrama Kuvveti ve Becerisi Üzerine Etkisi
Feray Soyupek 1 ,Nesrin Bölükbaşı 2 ,Rezan Z. Yorgancıoğlu 3 ,Figen Gökoğlu 4
1 Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Anabilim Dalı, Isparta
2 Gazi Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Anabilim Dalı, Ankara
3 Ankara Education and Research Hospital, 1st Clinic of Physical Therapys and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey
4 S.B. Ankara Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi 1. Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Kliniği, Ankara

Objective: To examine the immediate effect of aerobic exercise training on hand muscle strength and dexterity. 

 

Materials and Methods: Forty subjects with coronary heart disease were included. They were divided into two groups as exercise and control groups. The exercise group underwent exercise based cardiac rehabilitation program. Hand grip strength and hand dexterity were assessed just before and 5 minutes after the exercise session. In the control group the grip strength and dexterity were assessed as baseline and after 35 minutes. Hand grip strength was measured by Jamar hand dynamometer. The Purdue Pegboard test was used for evaluating hand dexterity.

 

Results: Grip strength of both hands increased significantly five minutes after aerobic training session when compared to pre-exercise values in the exercise group (p<0.05). There were significant differences in all stages of the Purdue pegboard test between pre and post-training (p<0.001) in the exercise group. The scores of Purdue pegboard dexterity test at post training were higher than pre-training scores. 

 

Conclusion: Aerobic exercise of 30 minutes duration had an immediate improving effect on muscle strength and dexterity of the hand.

Keywords : Aerobic exercise, hand, dexterity, muscle strength