Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2007 , Vol 53 , Num 3

The Effect of Linear Polarized Polychromatic Light Therapies Applied According to Biochemical Values on Pressure Ulcers

Ferda Özdemir 1 ,Meliha Rodoplu 1 ,Figen Oymak 1 ,Necdet Süt 2
1 Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon Anabilim Dalı, Edirne
2 Department of Biostatistic, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey

Objective: Pressure ulcer is an important health problem of immobile and especially bedridden patients. In the study we assessed the effect of linear polarized polychromatic light therapies on pressure ulcers according to to albumin level, anemia and diabetes mellitus presence.

Materials and Methods: Twenty patients were included in this study who were hospitalized in departments of physical therapy and rehabilitation, neurology and plastic and reconstructive surgery. Patients included in the study had stage II or stage III pressure ulcers. Albumin and hemoglobin levels and presence of diabetes mellitus of all subjects were recorded at the beginning of the study. Routine wound care were applied to all subjects. In addition, linear polarized polychromatic light was applied directly through the skin with 1.3 J/cm2 energy dosage of Biolamp device for 6 minutes daily from a distance of 10 cm. Ulcer area measurements were made using a scaled paper at 1st, 7th and 15th days of treatment and expressed as square centimeters.

Results: We did not find statistically significant difference between groups in wound area at 1st, 7th and 15th days when compared groups according to albumin and hemoglobin levels and presence of diabetes mellitus (p>0.05). When investigated the correlation between wound improvement and hemoglobin and albumin levels we found negative correlation between albumin level and wound improvement.

Conclusion: These results suggest that the effect of linear polarized polychromatic light therapy was not affected by biochemical parameters. These results may reflect the positive biomodular effect of linear polarized polychromatic light. We concluded that although the biochemical parameters did not effect the treatment, we have to attach importance the biochemical parameters or the addition problems. 

Keywords : Pressure ulcers, linear polarized polychromatic light, albumin, hemoglobin, diabetes mellitus